Hands Off African Seeds! – No Intellectual Property on Life
In a recent press release (below) the Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA) decries the corporate seed grab taking place across the continent. As a pan-African organization working to advance food and seed sovereignty on the continent, AFSA is taking African regional and national bodies to task for their complicity in turning over Africa’s genetic seed heritage to multinational corporations which has dire consequences for biodiversity and local control of food systems. AFSA’s membership includes Grassroots International grantee We Are the Solution, a rural women-led movement for food sovereignty and gender justice in West Africa.
The Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA) today launches a continental seed policy report challenging the corporate capture of African farmers’ seeds and seed systems. Launched on World Intellectual Property Day, the report documents the policy shift towards corporatisation of seeds on the continent, in direct contravention of international obligations to protect farmers’ rights and to conserve agricultural biodiversity. It shows how these dangerous policies are rapidly advancing and how farmers are resisting. The report entitled ‘Resisting corporate takeover of African seed systems and building farmer managed seed systems for food sovereignty in Africa’ maps the way forward for building a continental movement to Save African Seeds.
Zimbabwean farmer and La Via Campesina General Coordinator, Elizabeth Mpofu said, “Regional bodies like SADC and COMESA are developing rules that will increase the availability of commercial seeds, only benefiting corporations like Syngenta and Monsanto. Indigenous seeds are not recognized. We believe in controlling our land and seeds and producing the healthy food that we want, the way we want. Our response is to fight for food sovereignty against these transnational corporations.”
The race to capture the intellectual property rights of seeds is at the heart of the problem, with the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) in the driving seat. Civil society organisations around the world agree that there should be no intellectual property on life, yet the seed giants are using African regionalisation policy processes to grab the IP rights to farmers’ seeds and planting material, and criminalise farmers’ traditional practices.
African agriculture policy is increasingly about ‘modernization’ through a massive increase in the use of chemical fertilizers and ‘improved’ seeds, switching the focus to staple crops and commodities tradable on global markets. In practice this has led to a huge concentration on the development and marketing of hybrid maize seeds and artificial fertilizers.
The reality is that 90% of seeds sown in Africa come from ‘informal’ sources, local markets, or seeds saved by farmers or their neighbours – the majority of whom are women. It is these seeds that are providing 80% of Africa’s food. They are reliable, available and affordable, but the seed giants want them outlawed. These seeds and the cultural systems and knowledge that underpin them are under threat from policies designed to privilege corporate seed systems, while criminalising and vilifying farmer managed seed systems.
“The answer to seed sovereignty is not in the hands of corporates, but in the hands of smallholder farmers who feed the world,” said Peter Nzioka, Kaane Small Scale Farmers Association, Machakos, Kenya.
The Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa calls on African nations to wake up to the dangers of these flawed policies; to scrap the externally-driven and damaging seed laws; and to recognise that the future of African food systems lies in supporting African food producers to provide sustainable African solutions.
The seed policy report ‘Resisting corporate takeover of African seed systems and building farmer managed seed systems for food sovereignty in Africa’ is available as a free download.
The Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa brings together small-scale food producers, pastoralists, fisher folk, indigenous peoples, farmers’ networks, faith groups, consumer associations, youth associations, civil societies and activists from across the continent of Africa to create a united and louder voice for food sovereignty. AFSA’s Resilient Seed Systems & Agroecology Working Group is leading the drive for farmers’ seed rights.
Côte d’Ivoire signs agreement for tighter collaboration with AfricaSeeds
AfricaSeeds is the African Seed Sector Development Organization. From 2010 to 2020, AfricaSeeds has championed the cause of ASBP as the implementer of the African Union seed program, the African Seed and Biotechnology Programme (ASBP).
The aim of the Agency is to promote, in collaboration/partnership with other stakeholders, the development of efficient, dynamic and sustainable integrated seed systems and a profitable seed industry in Africa in order to secure availability and access of quality seeds for African farmers to contribute to agricultural transformation, food and nutrition security and poverty reduction in Africa.
Through an integrated and effective approach to collaboration with all seed sector stakeholders, AfricaSeeds addresses the needs for seed sector development in line with the 2063 African Union Agenda on inclusive and sustainable development. It also contributes to the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program (CAADP), the Malabo Declaration and the Addis-Ababa Comuniqué on Early Generation Seeds.
Week 53 – Video: Seeds of contention, control or diversity?
Week 52: Publication: A Resilient Seed Systems Handbook to support farmers adapt to climate change
Week 51: YouTube Channel – International Potato Center (CIP)
Week 50: Research study: Impact of seed system interventions on food and nutrition security in low- and middle-income countries
From the Executive Director
9 August 2019, Abidjan: the validation workshop to initiate the development of the online platform on the seed sector in Africa
The Seed Knowledge Gateway, SKG, a web-based information system, which will be sponsored by donors and AfricaSeeds in the main, is being built to address the huge problem of data and statistics insufficiency in seed sector planning and development in Africa. When fully developed, the SKG will be freely available to all seed sector operators to aid them in their various seed sector development and commercial interventions and launch Africa on a credible path towards continental seed security and, thereby, the cherished goal of continental food and nutrition security.
Thanks to the significant contributions of our closest partners in this project that are the Swiss Development Co-operation, the National Seed Council of Nigeria, and the Ivorian Government, we have delivered a Project Document, which will be used to develop the SKG proper.
We held a workshop in Abidjan on 7-9 of August, 2019, due to gather special expertise in various aspects of the planned SKG, which will help to finalize and validate the document.
We have no doubt that the improved document will contribute to strike a blow for seed security and move the Continent one more step towards fulfilling AU’s goal of food and nutrition security.