Do Feminized Cannabis Plants Produce Seeds

The feminized cannabis plant is the most popular seed type for growers because it is the one that produces flowers or buds which is in-demand in the Male cannabis plants produce very few cannabinoids, which means growers potentially have to scrap 50% of their crop. For this reason, we have developed feminized seeds. But just what are feminized seeds, and where do they come from? The answer is a remarkable feat of genetics and horticulture. Feminized cannabis seeds only produce female plants, which has a number of advantages. Find out how to do it with Royal Queen Seeds.

Can You Get Seeds From Feminized Plants?

The feminized cannabis plant is the most popular seed type for growers because it is the one that produces flowers or buds which is in-demand in the market. With the right process, the feminized cannabis plant has the ability to produce seeds without help from a male cannabis plant. In this article, we’ll know more about how feminized cannabis plant produces its own seeds.

How Does a Feminized Cannabis Plant Is Produced?

A feminized cannabis plant is a result of pollen from another female plant. There are two ways by which a feminized cannabis plant produces seed, through fertilization from male cannabis plant or through pollination from itself or from another female plant. However, these feminizing techniques may lead to producing hermaphrodite plants.

Creating a feminized seed is a bit complicated but it will help you save a lot of time and energy in the future. If the creation of the feminized seeds is done correctly, then there will be a low chance that you will be having a hermaphrodite cannabis plant.

How Does a Feminized Cannabis Plant Produce Seeds?

For you to be able to create a feminized seed, you must be able to induce male flowers in a female plant. There are two ways in doing this, its either you would put adequate stress to the feminized cannabis plant through light stress, mechanical or some environmental stress or to just let the cannabis plant to stay in the flowering stage by not changing the light hours. This process is quite complicated and dangerous because you might incur damage to your cannabis plant if done incorrectly that is why you need to have sufficient knowledge in doing this.

These stresses that you can impose to your cannabis plant just to produce seeds may lead to hermaphrodites, where your end result will not have a distinct quality of a male or a female. There is also a big chance of getting hermaphrodites as your end result if the process is not carried out correctly. The ideal way of producing feminized seed is through the alteration of the hormones of the cannabis plant through the use of inhibiting plant hormones to produce male flowers. These are the common ways to do it:

Colloidal Silver

This is the least expensive way of producing feminized seeds. You can buy it in the market or you can make your own so that you don’t need to invest too much. This solution, particularly the silver particles, inhibits the female flowering hormones in cannabis to have male hormones. You’ll just have to spray the area for 10-18 days until you see flowers that may appear. Wait for the pollen to mature because this pollen will be used in pollinating a good quality female cannabis plant.

Silver Thiosulfate (STS)

This solution takes effect by stopping the production of ethylene. It has the same process as that of the Colloidal Silver but Silver Thiosulfate is more difficult to make and find. You’ll just have to spray the cannabis plant every 5 days after changing the lighting schedule for the flowering period and spraying it again after a couple of weeks.

Gibberellic Acid (GA3)

Among these three techniques, this is the least effective. Most growers who use this solution would use 100ppm concentration and they would spray the plant on a daily basis for 10 days during the flowering phase until the male flowers are produced.

Facts about Feminized Seeds

Most of the techniques in creating a feminized seed are relies on putting stress on the cannabis plant until it becomes hermaphroditic so that it has the ability to pollinate itself.

There is no truth that when a feminized seed is produced from hermaphrodites it is already unstable. There is no proof to support this claim yet but most of the hermaphrodite offspring has the same characteristics compared to a seed that has undergone the germination process.

In the past, feminized cannabis seeds are way too expensive compared to a regular cannabis seed but since there is already a wide range of seed selection there are now a lot of affordable yet high-quality feminized seeds to choose from.

Feminized and regular seeds grow under the same conditions. Growing feminized seeds does not require you to add additional equipment, nutrients, and growing techniques just to grow it healthily.

Feminized cannabis seeds are a go-to strain type especially for medicinal cannabis because of its natural characteristics and high potency.

Final Words

You can definitely get seeds from feminized cannabis plants by following different techniques to be successful. One of the most important reasons why it is important to constantly produce feminized seeds is to be able to reserve its genetics and characteristics especially that feminized seeds can benefit a lot when it comes to the cannabis industry.

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Feminized Cannabis Seeds Explained

L ike many living things, cannabis plants come in two sexes, male and female, which blend their genetics through pollination to produce seeds. These seeds then, have about a 50% chance of inheriting the sex of either parent. However, male cannabis plants produce very few cannabinoids, which faces many growers with the prospect of scrapping about 50% of their crop (unless, perhaps, they’re making their own rope). For this reason, we have developed feminized seeds. But just what are feminized seeds, and where do they come from? The answer is a remarkable feat of genetics and horticulture.

What are Feminized Seeds?

Feminized seeds are cannabis seeds genetically guaranteed to grow into a female plant. Female plants produce far more THC and CBD than their male counterparts, but once a female plant is fertilized, resources and energy are diverted from growing rich, sticky flowers, to growing a healthy crop of seeds instead. Those seeds are, of course, wonderful and necessary, but they may inherit the gender of either parent, and, as we have seen, males are nearly useless for harvesting cannabinoids.

Feminized sees will always guarantee a female plant, ensuring growers a plant that will produce cannabinoids. photo credit

When growing for cannabinoid production, pumping water, fertilizer, and time into your plants only to find half are male can be frustrating to say the least. A single male plant can pollinate an entire grow room, leaving whole crops producing seeds instead of flowers. Additionally, inspecting your plants for male attributes and removing them from the grow room takes time and attention that could otherwise go to treating female plants. For this reason, we have learned how to breed feminized seeds – seeds that we know will grow up to be female, and produce lush flowers rich with therapeutic cannabinoids.

How Feminized Seeds Are Made

Female seeds must come from two female parents, which on the surface sounds impossible. But under extreme circumstances, female cannabis plants can produce their own pollen. So the first step toward feminized seeds is inducing pollen production on a female plant.

The primary method is to douse the flowering sites with a solution of colloidal silver, or less commonly, with gibberellic acid, for about two weeks once the flowering stage has begun.

These chemicals will suppress the hormone ethylene, which causes the plant to produce male characteristics instead, including pollen sacs. And since the plant is still genetically female, the pollen within will carry 99% female genetics (a small margin of mutation is unavoidable). This pollen can then be harvested and applied to a flowering female plant to produce seeds with purely female genetics.

The less common, but more natural, method is called “rodelization,” often favored by organic growers. Near the end of a cannabis plant’s life cycle, unfertilized females will begin to express male pollen production as a final effort to continue their genetic line. This usually occurs after the prescribed time frame for harvesting, but not always. In fact, many growers keep a sharp eye out for these “nanners” – the banana-shaped growths that protrude from flowers – because they are capable of fertilizing other plants as well, thus halting flower production.

There is a debate among growers about the viability of this method because some believe hermaphroditic plants primarily produce hermaphroditic offspring. Others insist that offspring are not more inclined to be hermaphrodites, but rather may be more easily induced to be hermaphrodites, and that hermaphroditism has less to do with genetics than external stressors (high heat, nutrient lock, physical damage, etc.). Regardless, most growers agree that rodelization is less effective and carries a higher risk of accidental pollination. For this reason, it is more often used by more experienced or meticulous growers who want to maintain the organic integrity of the plant.

Conclusion

Feminized seeds have become the industry standard, especially for home growers who do not have the space or resources to scrap half of a crop that turns out to be male. Many sites now default to offering feminized seeds, some growers have undoubtedly planted them without fully understanding the science behind them. And one thing that makes these seeds so popular is that you can, you can grow them without knowing what they are or how they exist, and they will still deliver a lush, low-maintenance cannabis plant.

Interested in growing your own cannabis? Click here to purchase seeds and start your journey.

This is also a great process to practice if you want to take your growing skills to the next level. So next time you find some nanners growing in your bud, don’t panic, but rather appreciate the opportunity that has presented itself, and try breeding your own feminized seeds.

Do you prefer to grow with feminized seeds, or have you ever made you own? Share your experiences in the comments!

Author

Trevor Ross is a writer, medical marijuana patient and cannabis advocate. He holds an MFA in writing from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. He has previously worked as a copywriter, a teacher, a bartender, and followed Seattle sports for SidelineBuzz. Originally from Washington state, you can find him now working in his garden or restoring his house in Scranton, PA, and he can be reached through LinkedIn.

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How To Make Feminized Cannabis Seeds Like The Pros

Growing from feminized cannabis seeds is a space and resource-efficient way of getting all girls, all the time. Find out how to create your own feminized cannabis with Royal Queen Seeds.

Cannabis cultivation, cannabis history, cannabis culture

Contents:

  1. Making feminized seeds
    1. Why feminize?
    2. Inhibit that ethylene
    1. Don’t smoke it
    1. Harvesting pollen and pollination
    2. Growing feminized plants
    3. Fembots rule
    1. What you will need
    2. How to

    MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS

    Growing cannabis is all about resinous flowers, trichomes, and rich cannabinoid profiles. These splendid characteristics can only be found on the female flowers. Having gardens full of robust, un-pollinated sinsemilla females means jars full of mind and body-friendly, crusty nuggets.

    The only bummer, unless you grow from clones, is that cannabis is wired to produce about 50% male seeds and 50% females. It is just the nature of the beast.

    Wouldn’t it be sweet if it was possible to grow all females from seed, every plant, every time?

    Well, that is where the feminizing technique comes into play: two methods of manipulating the cannabis plant to produce only females from seed, every-time. To be truthful, it isn’t every single time. But 99% of the time is a pretty good number, and could be considered entirely male risk-free.

    The general practice behind feminization is that female plants are forced to produce pollen, which is in turn used to pollinate other female plants. The outcome? Resulting seeds will be feminized, with no risk of further pollination.

    WHY FEMINIZE?

    Feminized seeds are super efficient for indoor and outdoor gardeners. Area, time, and resources aren’t being given to plants that will be thrown away two weeks after the 12-12 flip. Similarly, outdoors where a large plant can consume a lot of time and resources in upkeep prior to the autumn show of flowers, feminized plants are also a good way to reduce guerrilla crop pollinating. There’s nothing worse than bush-bashing out to a well-hidden crop only to find a rogue male or two have impregnated every female plant.

    INHIBIT THAT ETHYLENE

    “Applications that reduce the ethylene level in tissues or antagonise the action of ethylene causes the formation of male flowers instead of female ones” — Paraphrase, Byers et al., 1972.

    There are a number of solutions that can be sprayed on female plants to create male pollen sacs: benzothiadiazole, gibberellic acid, silver thiosulphate, silver nitrate, and colloidal silver.

    Colloidal silver is by far the easiest to source or make. It is non-toxic, non-caustic, and can be bought from a pharmacy or easily online. The other solutions can be dangerous, difficult to get a hold of, and expensive—except gibberellic acid, which can be found in nurseries, but is not as effective as colloidal silver. But if you want to watch some freaky plant growth just for the fun of it, give gibberellic acid a try. It is a growth stimulant and makes plants stretch and stretch.

    TECHNIQUE 1: COLLOIDAL SILVER

    Colloidal silver is a distilled water-based solution in which microscopic particles of silver are suspended. The nature of colloids means the particles will never settle out and can’t be removed by normal filtering. Colloidal silver is available commercially, or you can make your own if you want to totally geek out (see how-to section at the end). It has numerous uses as an alternative medicine. For example, it is used to soothe burns, as an antiseptic and digestion stimulant in people, and as a fungal control in horticulture.

    Be sure the strength is at least 15ppm, preferably 30ppm. Less than 15ppm produces male sacs with little viable pollen.

    To begin with, select a plant that has the characteristics you want to preserve. Feminizing clones is the usual practice as the growth, flowering, and resin characteristics from the mother are already known. There is no need for any vegetation time once a clone is well-rooted. Simply pot the clone into a small pot, give it a day or two to recover, and begin a 12-12 light cycle right away. A pollen-producing plant only needs to be small as cannabis produces copious amounts of pollen.

    Hint: Make two clones once a plant has been selected, one to be feminized and one to be left for pollination. This way, a separate breeding space is created and accidental seeding of other plants, or an accidental sneeze pollinating a whole grow cupboard, is avoided.

    Plants can be induced to grow male sex organs as late as four weeks into flowering. Though spraying one week prior to the light changeover is recommended for clones. If a plant grown from seed is being used, wait until the plant has sexed before spraying so you can be sure it is female.

    Spray the plants to be feminized with colloidal silver every day, and three times a day if you can manage. Soak them well. Do this for two weeks, then leave the plants to grow as normal. Some growers report getting results after spraying for only 5–10 days.

    When sexing begins, male pollen sacs will develop instead of female calyxes and pistils. Male plants mature much faster than females, and viable pollen can be expected within 3–4 weeks once the plant has been sexed. Some growers will spray until the plant shows sexual growth, just to be sure the method has worked. Make sure these plants are well-isolated from any flowering females. A burst pod can release millions of pollen spores, and it only takes one spore per hair to create a seed.

    DON’T SMOKE IT

    Once the plants have been sprayed with colloidal silver and the pollen is collected, they are write-offs—86 them and don’t smoke them. Giving them a thorough rinse will not work. The colloidal silver is a systemic treatment absorbed into the plant through the foliage and not a topical application. Be safe and bin them.

    TECHNIQUE 2: RODELIZATION

    Sinsemilla is an unnatural state for cannabis. Without human intervention, it would be rare to find an unpollinated female in the wild—unless it was sterile. When sinsemilla plants are left to go beyond their desirable maturation stage by a number of weeks, the plant, through whatever amazing processes evolution has bestowed, knows it has not been pollinated. As a last ditch effort at propagation, it will produce male pollen sacs in an effort to self-pollinate.

    This is not the result of genetic or stress-induced hermaphroditism. They are genuine XX chromosome female bananas. With all the genetic information from the female and no Y chromosome, using rodelized pollen creates female-only seeds, although as with colloidal silver, an occasional male may appear.

    HARVESTING POLLEN AND POLLINATION

    There are a number of harvesting methods employed to catch pollen.

    • Cover the top of the pot with plastic or card to catch pollen as it falls, or modify a plastic drink cup to shroud the plant and catch falling pollen.
    • Fix a clear plastic bag, perforated at the top for air exchange, around the whole plant.
    • An experienced eye will remove each flower pod prior to it bursting completely open to be sure of catching every spore.
    • Pollinating a female is the easy bit. Depending on how many seeds you want to make, there are a couple of methods that can be used.
    • Using a watercolour or other fine, soft brush or even a cotton bud, dip into your pollen collection and gently apply to the chosen flower. Although thousands of viable spores will be on the end of the brush, enough to pollinate a whole plant, the trichomes on the surface of the pistils will greedily glue everything you offer them. So dip into your pollen stash a few times as you dust.
    • For lots of seeds, put pollen in a bag and put over a whole branch or a whole plant, shake well, and leave for twenty four hours.
    • It is possible to pollinate different branches with different pollens and have a breeder plant that has 1, 2, or 15 different crosses on it.
    • It is also possible to self-pollinate the plant from which the male parts were created. This won’t produce as many seeds as pollinating a separate plant because less female flowers are produced and many are nonviable because of the feminization process.

    GROWING FEMINIZED PLANTS

    Treat feminized seeds as you would any other seed from germination to veg, and veg through flower. Observation is where it’s at now, you want the best plants for your garden. Ideally, setting up a separate vegetation/flower space where a number of plants can be grown lets your standard grow space continue with uninterrupted production.

    Plants bred using feminization are homozygous. This can have two effects that can’t be assessed until the seeds are grown. Homozygosity will increase the dominant or recessive traits of the parent in the progeny, so features you don’t want and do want can be amplified. Genetics is a weird, weird thing.

    Just as with standard male to female crossings (which is a heterozygous process), a number of plants will need to be grown and the best selected for mother plants and future breeding. With enough room, hundreds if not thousands of new plants can be grown in order to select the best of the best phenotypes.

    FEMBOTS RULE

    With a bit of aforethought, it is possible to set up an efficient feminization breeding programme—and have female seeds from your favourite phenos on hand all the time. You never know, you might discover the next big thing!

    MAKING YOUR OWN COLLOIDAL SILVER

    The easiest and relatively inexpensive way—considering how much money is potentially saved by not growing resource and time-consuming males—is to buy a colloidal silver generator, which is the no-fuss plug and play option. Or, make your own, which is quite straightforward and doesn’t require any special skill.

    Colloidal silver is formed by passing a current from a pure silver electrode through distilled water. This simple electrolysis is all there is to it. Although distilled water does not conduct electricity very well due to its lack of mineral content, enough is passed through to create micro silver particles and silver ionisation. Sounds technical, but it really isn’t.

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