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How to transplant marijuana seeds from jiffy grower

Germinating Marijuana Seeds: Step by Step Guide

The life of any plant begins with germination , making this process the most important in your plant’s life. You will undoubtedly come across many different methods for germinating your marijuana seeds when conducting your online research. Some may be successful, but others will disappoint you. The following guide will provide you with an effective list of practices and critical information home marijuana growers can utilize to help ensure they’re preparing the best crop possible to produce some smooth, enjoyable hits.

Please continue reading to find out everything you need to know about cannabis seed germination. And if you’d like even more information on the wonders of growing cannabis from the comfort of your own home, please consider exploring the top-quality grow kits provided by our cannabis industry experts at a Pot for Pot today , along with their range of expertly written educational articles.

What Does it Mean to Germinate Cannabis Seeds?

Germination is the natural process by which a particular organism grows from a spore or seed. In this case, the term is referring to the sprouting of a cannabis seedling from a seed , which can be encouraged by help from the cannabis grower. Germinating your seed is the first crucial step in the cannabis growing process, and it can be surprisingly simple with the right tools. Even though the process of getting a seed to sprout and bear a healthy plant is a challenge for some growers, it doesn’t have to be when you start with a Pot for Pot. With our help, your plant will sprout and start growing in no time!

What to Understand About Germination and Endosperm

The first thing to understand is that seeds come naturally equipped with their own starting food- endosperm. It plays an essential role in ensuring your plant reaches its full potential. As a seed begins to sprout, this starchy blanket around the embryo provides nutrients to a growing plant. If it doesn’t seem like a lot, don’t be fooled- there’s enough starch there to feed humans.

That starch is only part of what you’ll need, however. You’ll also need to provide specific temperatures to germinate your seeds. Ideally, you’ll want to keep the temperature around 25 degrees Celsius (77 F) for the best results.

What Happens During Germination?

The process of germination is when plants start to sprout from their seeds, and it’s relatively the same throughout the plant kingdom. A little bit of moisture makes the tiny plant inside crack open its outer shell and sprout upwards while pushing its root downwards. Once it’s cracked through the shell, you’ll need to give your little babies a bit of water and some love for the fun to begin.

Your seeds will need the right conditions to break through their shell and continue to grow, however. Otherwise, they may take longer to germinate. Our seedling starter kit can help you create those perfect conditions. It makes sure your seed has just the right amount of water (so that it stays moist, but not too wet). Once it has germinated and grown enough to sprout its third set of leaves, simply move your young plant into the Pot for Pot fabric pot for continued healthy growth.

It’s best to germinate seeds indoors where you can better control the temperature. Seeds are more likely to sprout in a warm and stable environment.

How to Sprout Marijuana Seeds

Marijuana plants start as a seed . That tiny thing resembling a pebble is a whole plant securely stored with a supply of food to support itself for a few days. In the germination process, the food converts into sugars, which the plant uses to cut the shell and develop its root. Identifying a healthy seed is, therefore, the first thing that you need to do.

The sprouting process is the foundation of your marijuana plant, so do not take this step lightly. Other than starting with a high-quality seed, you need to ensure that your conditions are optimal. It is challenging to optimize the natural mediums, which is why a medium such as Jiffy Pellets comes in handy.

Different Ways to Germinate

There are many ways to germinate seeds, but we recommend using peat pellets. Not only is it the safest way to start your seeds, but it’s also the easiest. Jiffy is hands down one of the best brands of peat pellets on the market , and if you are thinking about germinating using peat pellets, this is the way to go. This method is great for avoiding the risk of damaging new roots. We’ll get into more detail about the wonders of Jiffy Pellets in a later section of this article. But first, let’s explore the benefit of peat pellets in general, along with some other mediums growers can use to facilitate effective cannabis germination.

Peat pellets are comprised of decomposed vegetable matter which your plants will absolutely love. When you add water, it expands, creating a nutrient-dense medium that is a good replacement for soil. When the roots are visible, you can transport the whole pellet into a Top Soil mix with fortified Pot for Pot Superb Soil so it can continue developing without accidentally causing root damage.

Basic Mediums for Marijuana Germination

There are many different germination methods, and results will vary. Here are some basic ways to sprout your seeds :

Sprouting marijuana seeds in regular soil is a common practice. Soil is a natural medium and can protect the seeds as they develop their fragile roots. For this option, be sure to start with the right type of soil for marijuana. Use a seed starter or fertilized potting soil with a pH of around 6. Soil has both minerals and spores that support growing marijuana plants.

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Water

Water is another method for sprouting a marijuana seed. This method produces a seedling in 24-48 hours. The advantage of using water is that you can ensure adequate moisture for germination. The plant will also have an easier time breaking its shell compared to when it is in a soil medium. For this method, water daily while checking the temperature, ensuring that it is around 65° F.

Rockwool

This mineral wool comes from volcanic rock and other materials such as limestone and basalt. To make this material, the ingredients are heated into molten lava and rapidly spun into threads. These threads then undergo compaction, curing, and finally, cutting.

While Rockwool is a suitable environment for germination, you’ll need to adjust it a bit for growing marijuana. First, you’ll need to add fertilizers- around 600 parts per million. You’ll also need to reduce the pH, which is too high to support sprouting. It’s also a bit dangerous to use, so please wear gloves and protect your mouth and eyes while handling it.

Would you like to save money and reduce the number of trips you need to take to your local dispensary to stock up on marijuana? Consider trying out the potential of your green thumb by investing in one of our top-quality cannabis growing kits today.

The Best Marijuana Germination Medium: What to Know About Jiffy Pellets

For the best results, you need a precise understanding of how to get started growing your marijuana plant. As stated a few sections above in this article, choosing Jiffy Pellets as your initial medium is probably the best way to go. Every Pot for Pot kit includes a Jiffy Pellet, so you don’t need to worry about purchasing it separately, and if you run out, you can order some refills or one of our expansion kits .

What is a Jiffy Pellet and How Does it Work?

A Jiffy Pellet is a natural, biodegradable growing medium conveniently available as little compact discs that help sprout seeds into seedlings. Jiffy Pellet composition includes peat moss, a mesh, and other ingredients such as lime, fertilizer, and ammonium to help seedlings grow.

Jiffy Pellets are both a container and a potting mix for sprouting seeds. Peat moss is a medium that’s rich in organic materials, and the mesh securely holds the peat moss in place. Using Jiffy peat pellets either indoors or outdoors is an effective method to grow healthy and robust marijuana plants.

To use a Jiffy pellet, water it first. Then, place your marijuana seed a bit below the surface level. When the plant is strong enough, transplant the entire pellet to a larger pot.

What are Jiffy Pellets Composed of?

To help you better understand the advantages that Jiffy Pellets can provide to your seed germination efforts, let’s take a moment to explore the various beneficial components they contain and how they work to benefit your plants.

Technically, a Jiffy peat pellet is a small disc made of compressed material. However, Jiffy pellets enlarge up to seven times their original size when you add water , creating a suitable environment for the sprouting process. The fine netting keeps the Jiffy pellet ingredients in one place as your seed sprouts. Said ingredients include:

Peat is an organic medium that provides plenty of nutrients for sprouting seeds. It is made from sphagnum peat moss, which has a high water-holding capacity as a result of its fluffy and light texture. Peat provides excellent root aeration, making it easy for roots to grow without interference.

Lime, Ammonium, and Fertilizer

Jiffy pellets are primarily made from peat moss. However, peat moss on its own is not ideal for sprouting seeds. That’s why they also include lime, which raises the pH of the medium. Jiffy Pellets have a pH of 5.5, compared to peat moss’s 4.4.

Jiffy Pellets also include fertilizer that provides seedlings with all their required nutrients for the first 1-2 weeks. You won’t need to add anything else as your seed sprouts. After transplanting, you can apply fertilizer, if desired.

How Big are Jiffy Pellets?

Jiffy pellets come in diameters of 24 mm, 33 mm, 41 mm, and 70 mm. The sizes vary to cater to the various needs of different seedlings. The larger Jiffy Pellet sizes are convenient to handle and are ideal for marijuana.

How to Germinate With Jiffy

Jiffy pellet instructions are easy to follow and will take you less than 20 minutes to set up, ensuring you’ll be able to start your cannabis seed germination project quickly and easily without wasted time or effort.

Choose Your Container

The first step is to place your pellets in a container. Ideally, you can use a Jiffy pellet tray. Ensure they do not overlap and leave a small border for water retention.

Water Your Jiffy Pellets

You can use tap water or distilled water. Keep in mind, tap water may have chlorine, which is harmful to your plant and can cause it to dry out faster. However, you don’t have to buy distilled water to prevent chlorine problems. Evaporate the chlorine by pouring your water, and let it rest for some time. Use very warm water, around 95oF, to help the pellet expand faster.

Plant Your Weed Seeds in the Jiffy Pellets

Place the seed in the middle of the enlarged pellet. Don’t place the seed too deep, or it will not sprout.

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Cover Your Seeds

To avoid moisture loss, use a plastic cover – this usually comes with the pellets. You can also use plastic wrap. If you don’t have a Jiffy pellet dome, you will need to water again after around seven days. Avoid dropping water from the top; otherwise, you will disturb the developing seeds.

Transplant Your Plant into Some Soil

The seeds are usually ready for transplanting after two weeks. To do this, simply make a hole in the soil and place your pellet directly in that spot.

An Alternative to Jiffy Pellets to Consider

Coir is a popular alternative to Jiffy pellets , with Coconut Coir leading the trend. This material is made from coconut husks. If you choose this medium, use a coir Jiffy Pellet tray to hold it. Coir has excellent water retention capacities similar to peat, and it also facilitates the healthy development of roots.

Coir also repels insects and is reusable , so it can help you if you choose to expand your growing operations to include more cannabis plants.

What to do After Germination

After your seeds have germinated, they need to go into a pellet so the roots can spread out and grow. You may be wondering just how far in the jiffy pellet the seeds should be planted once it has germinated. You’ll want to drop the seed about a half-inch to an inch. If the seed has not sprouted, it’s okay to place it in the jiffy pellet – as long as it has soaked for at least 12 hours, but no more than 24 hours. If it has sprouted, drop the white root downward, so that the head of the seed is about an inch below the surface.

Damping-Off With Hydrogen Peroxide

Once your seed becomes a tiny plant, it’s now known as a seedling. This is great, except that seedlings are very delicate. You’ll want to be on the lookout for the number one seedling killer: damping off. Damping-off occurs when something (such as fungi or other diseases) causes the nutrients in your plant to stop being transported properly. The stem becomes mushy and falls over, and your plants will die young. The risk increases when there is minimal direct sunlight and air circulation, combined with warm temperatures and high humidity.

Eventually, your plant will be able to protect itself, but until then hydrogen peroxide is an excellent solution to this problem before it can begin. Hydrogen peroxide provides oxygen to the soil and reduces the chances of fungus spores developing.

To effectively prevent damping off, combine 1 tsp. of hydrogen peroxide with 2 cups of water. Use this solution to water the plants. Or you can soak the seed in 1% hydrogen peroxide before planting.

Frequently Asked Questions: Marijuana Seed Germination & Jiffy Pellets

Before signing off with this article, let’s take a few more moments to cover some key points included in this article to ensure you understand the basics of everything you’ll need to know when advancing forward in the seed germination process. We’ll also cover the answers to a few common questions new home-growers may want to address before getting started.

Germination is the process of seeds developing into new plants

All weed seeds need water, oxygen, and proper temperature in order to germinate.

It takes 1-2 weeks for weed seeds to germinate

We love jiffy pellets. They mimic the plant’s favorite natural medium; good soil.

The Bottom Line: What a Pot for Pot Can do For You

Germination can be tricky, but not if you have the right tools. The quality seedling starter kit from a Pot for Pot makes going from seed to seedling fairly effortless. It’s included in all our kits, or you can purchase it on its own. Simply select the seeds and provide some love and we’ll provide everything you need to grow healthy plants.

Do you enjoy an occasional marijuana smoke break but want to avoid costly trips to the local dispensary every time your bud stash starts to run low? Consider growing your own marijuana from the comfort of your home with one of our top-quality cannabis growing kits.

Learn how to cultivate marijuana. Find the best marijuana growing advice for seed germination, cloning, pruning, trimming, and curing to help maximize your yields.

How And When To Transplant Your Seedlings

Why do cannabis growers start seedlings in small pots just to transplant them to larger ones later? Wouldn’t it be less troublesome and more convenient to start your plants in their final pots? Find out about the benefits of transplanting seedlings, and learn how and when to transplant them.

Less experienced cannabis growers may think that transplanting plants from a smaller container to a bigger one isn’t really necessary. They may start their seedlings in their final pot and skip the “potting-up” later on, finding this easier and more convenient. Although you can get away with this when growing autoflowering strains, you should always consider transplanting your photoperiod seedlings.

WHY YOU SHOULD TRANSPLANT YOUR SEEDLING

Bypassing the transplant process means that the roots of your seedling will be held in a large amount of soil. Since your seedlings are still tiny and their root system isn’t developed, they can only take in small quantities of water as they grow. As a result, moisture will be sitting in the over-sized container, which can result in root rot, causing nutrient deficiencies and all sorts of growing troubles.

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But when you start seedlings in smaller starter containers, such as in small cups, Jiffy pots, rockwool cubes, or similar, you can avoid these problems.

WHEN IS THE RIGHT TIME TO TRANSPLANT YOUR SEEDLING?

There are several ways to determine the right time to transplant your seedlings:

• Number Of Leaves

Growers normally transplant their seedlings into a bigger pot once the plants have reached a certain size. When your seedling has developed 4–5 sets of “real” leaves, this is usually the right time to transplant. At this point, the roots of most strains will have outgrown their starter cup. Obviously, this is not an exact science, and some strains may be ready somewhat earlier or later—but it should do as a rough indication.

• When Your Seedling Becomes Root-Bound

Your seedling becoming root-bound means that it has truly outgrown its container. The roots have filled out the pot and would like nothing more than to expand further, but there is no space left for them to grow. They are “bound” in the confines of the pot.

One sign that your plant has become root-bound (and that it’s now time to pot-up) is when you see roots coming out of the holes in the bottom of the starter pot. This method is also not 100% exact, but it serves well to let you know that it is time for a larger container.

• At The End Of The Vegetative Growing Phase

Some growers don’t look so much at the signs themselves, but instead adhere to a schedule. These growers transplant their seedlings in the final two weeks of vegetative growth, right before the plants start pre-flowering. After repotting the plant, it will rapidly expand its roots and grow significantly bigger within a short time.

HOW TO TRANSPLANT YOUR SEEDLING

Although it’s possible for transplanting to result in “transplant shock” (which delays growth), when done carefully, transplanting can be a near-seamless process. The worst thing that can happen is that you damage the fragile roots as you are moving your seedling. But if you are cautious and handle your seedling with care, transplanting shouldn’t overstress or harm your growing baby.

If you are transplanting from small cups, lay the plant on a solid surface and gently squeeze the sides of the cup to loosen up the dirt. This should make it easier to slide out. Then, with one hand flat, cover the opening of the starter pot, with the plant sticking straight out between your fingers. Now, flip the pot over. With gentle movements and by applying slight pressure on the outside of the pot, get the seedling with its roots to slide out. Avoid pulling the seedling.

The receiving pot should be adequately prepared. It helps to get the soil ready and create a hole of the right size to receive the seedling. Don’t delay once you remove the seedling from the starter pot. Move it to its new home quickly and fill up any remaining empty spaces in the new pot with soil. You may want to slightly flatten the new soil to stabilise the transplanted seedling. Be careful and only slightly push down without using much force. After the transplant, amply water the plant in its new container.

WHAT TO CONSIDER WHEN TRANSPLANTING SEEDLINGS

• Choose the right pot size. Without overcomplicating things, an easy rule is to choose a new container that gives your seedling as least twice the space of its original container. But you shouldn’t go too much larger, especially if you plan to put-up again later.

• Make sure the receiving pot has been filled with your grow medium and that there is enough space to safely transplant. Have the new pot ready as you remove your seedling from its old home.

• Be very careful that you don’t damage the roots when transplanting. In particular, make sure roots are not stuck inside so they don’t rip as they come out. In difficult cases where the roots are entangled, you may find yourself unable to easily remove the starter pot. Use a sterilised knife and carefully cut the roots that are sticking out. As a last resort, you can carefully cut open the starter cup.

• If your seedling is in a Jiffy pot, you may want to gently remove the netting before transplanting. Not always will these nets really dissolve as claimed. There have been cases where roots were stuck in these nets for the entire duration of a grow, severely inhibiting healthy growth. If you can’t easily remove the net when transplanting, use a sharp utility knife and carefully cut vertical slits into the netting, without cutting any roots.

• Avoid transplanting under intense light. If possible, transplant at night. This can help reduce the risk of transplant shock.

• Always water thoroughly after transplanting.

• Although not necessary, right after a transplant can be a good time to provide your seedling with a root stimulant. You can find special additives available on the market that are designed to ease the stress from transplanting.

Tip: Seedlings are particularly sensitive and need special care. In the Zambeza growing section, you can find everything to keep your plants happy from the moment you plant your seed, all the way to harvest.

To get your seedlings off to a good start, we recommend the Zambeza Starter Pack, which is designed to help your plant thrive throughout its entire lifespan.