Oklahoma’s medical marijuana growers look for the next boom market
Growers see Oklahoma as a national model for medical marijuana, but others say its lax regulation is a warning to other states considering legalization.
Inside Oklahoma’s booming marijuana industry
LEXINGTON, Okla. — Inside an old metal building off a quiet stretch of U.S. 77, Josh Blevins walked among rows of fragrant marijuana plants basking below carefully calibrated light. Blevins, a former construction engineer from Texas, bought this former scrap yard just north of the farming town of Lexington, population 2,200, after a statewide ballot initiative legalized medical marijuana about four years ago.
Since then, dispensaries have become as ubiquitous as gas stations and churches in much of Oklahoma, where state officials have licensed more than 12,000 marijuana-related businesses and about 1 in 10 people now own medical marijuana cards.
Blevins, 36, has capitalized on the boom, building another 10,000-square-foot warehouse and brand new office space just down the road from the former scrap yard. Like many commercial growers, he created his own supply chain from seed to sale, stocking the shelves of his two dispensaries — both named Twister Roo — in Moore and Noble. It has proven to be both profitable and a learning opportunity, Blevins said, as he eyes expansion to other states with upcoming marijuana ballot initiatives.
“What we’re doing here is kind of building the picture that we want to duplicate in other states,” Blevins said. “Just copy and paste.”
A 5,200-square-foot Twisted Roo medical cannabis grow facility sits next to a locally famous sculpture of a VW Beetle spider outside Lexington, Oklahoma. Brett Deering for NBC News
Lead cultivator Kellan Gill defoliates medical cannabis at one of three Twisted Roo hydroponic growing houses outside of Lexington, Oklahoma. Brett Deering for NBC News
But while Oklahoma has become a kind of nirvana for growers and producers, who enjoy a relatively low startup cost in comparison to other states, it has some lawmakers leery because of lax regulation. Officials with the overwhelmed Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority said they’ve been able to inspect only a quarter of licensed marijuana businesses so far.
Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt, a Republican, said during his State of the State address on Tuesday that voters were misled by the language on the 2018 ballot initiative and it has “tied our hands as we regulate the industry.”
“This is causing major problems in our communities,” he added, “and we must get it under control.”
Medical cannabis stores near NW 32nd Street and North May Avenue in Oklahoma City. Brett Deering for NBC News
Twisted Roo dispensary supervisor John Campbell displays medical cannabis on Jan. 25 in Moore, Oklahoma. Brett Deering for NBC
Stitt said the relatively low cost of getting a business license and the lack of a cap on the number of growers has fueled a black market in Oklahoma that may require legislation to reform.
“While we can’t change the past, we can learn from it and improve our future,” Stitt said. “We’re getting the right leaders in place and untying their hands to enforce the laws.”
Rep. Rusty Cornwell, a Republican, has introduced legislation to place a temporary moratorium on issuing licenses, citing concern that out-of-state and foreign growers are exploiting loopholes in Oklahoma’s in-state residency requirements and taking advantage of the state’s limited enforcement resources, which has opened the door for organized crime.
“I feel like what we need to do is we need to just kind of put a pause on this thing,” Cornwell said. “Get the bad actors out of it.”
For some states considering legalization, what’s playing out in Oklahoma has become a cautionary tale because of its oversight struggles. In Mississippi, where Republican Gov. Tate Reeves last week signed a bill legalizing medical marijuana for people with debilitating conditions — including cancer, AIDS and sickle cell disease — the Legislature studied Oklahoma’s oversight problems before it decided how to implement its own law, said Ken Newburger, the executive director of the Mississippi Medical Marijuana Association, an interest group that represents medical marijuana business licensees.
“There are a lot of things about Oklahoma that our state Legislature has been very keen about avoiding,” Newburger said.
So far, 37 states have adopted medical marijuana programs, and recreational marijuana use is legal in 18 of them. And advocates are hopeful that a few of the 14 states that have yet to pass laws or approve ballot initiatives allowing the use of marijuana will do so in the next year or two, including Kansas, North Carolina, South Carolina and Kentucky.
Josh Blevins, owner of Twisted Roo hydroponic medical cannabis growing facilities at one of three facilities on Jan. 25, 2022 in Moore, Okla. Brett Deering for NBC News
Blevins said he has his hopes on expanding to neighboring states, where he and other growers said they’ve seen streams of customers willing to cross borders to legally purchase marijuana, signaling potential for high demand.
“My two states are Kansas and Texas,” he said. “Texas being like the holy grail.”
The battle over expansion
Known for hanging its economic fortunes on the boom-or-bust fuel markets, Oklahoma welcomed the marijuana market with low regulation and a competitive entrepreneurial spirit.
The state presented a rare opportunity for legalization in 2018, when medical marijuana backers garnered enough signatures to put one of the most accessible medical marijuana initiatives in the country on the ballot, bypassing the conservative Legislature. The result: It costs $2,500 to apply for a business, cultivation or transportation license in Oklahoma — compared to $100,000 or more in neighboring Arkansas.
“This is a system that is set up to basically create opportunities for small businesses,” said Morgan Fox, the political director of NORML, a national cannabis advocacy organization. “There’s a lot of room for people to start up businesses without a tremendous amount of capital.”
Lured by the state’s low fees and relative lack of regulation, Paulie Wood, a former California grower and the CEO of Kannabiz Monkeez, said he decided to close his West Coast operations about two years ago because of the “insane overtaxation” hampering his business.
In California, he paid more than $100,000 a year in state and local taxes to operate two cultivation sites even after one outdoor crop was destroyed by smoke and ash following the Oak Fire in Mendocino County in September 2020. He pays a fraction of that cost in Oklahoma.
“In Oklahoma you can literally start a grow for under $10,000, where in California you’re going to be out hundreds of thousands of dollars to just get started,” Wood said. “They call it the wild, wild west of cannabis in a good way. As a whole, it’s the nicest, friendliest state we could ever want to be in.”
Oklahoma is also friendly toward people trying to get medical marijuana cards, which cost only $120 for the application fee, plus a doctor’s visit. While some states have very specific and restrictive lists of conditions that qualify for a card, such as AIDS and cancer, Oklahoma’s list is relatively expansive and includes less severe medical issues, including anxiety, insomnia and muscle spasms.
But now, a battle is brewing in Oklahoma between advocates who want to expand the industry and opponents who are trying to rein it in. In the legislative session starting next month, state lawmakers hope to play catch-up and introduce new restrictions on growers and processors amid renewed efforts by groups hoping to pass another ballot initiative, this time for full legalization.
Oklahoma’s growing medical marijuana market has been lucrative for the state, generating nearly $150 million in revenue in 2021, up from nearly $128 million in 2020, according to state data.
Medical cannabis recommendations at Twisted Roo dispensary in Moore, Oklahoma. Brett Deering for NBC News
The entrance to one of two Twisted Roo dispensaries in Moore, Oklahoma. Brett Deering for NBC News
The Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority, which has almost doubled its staff in the past year, is still struggling to get inspectors to all of the licensees, said Adria Berry, the agency’s executive director. “We have not been able to keep up with the demand, but we are getting to the place where we’re able to get many more people out inspecting those places on a day-to-day basis.”
The Oklahoma law says medical card holders must be in-state residents, but Blevins and other growers said much of the demand for their product is coming from out of state, in places like Texas — where possession of marijuana largely remains illegal — and Kansas, another deeply conservative state that is in line to legalize medical marijuana. That high demand has driven down prices, Blevins said, to about a third of what they were when he started in 2018.
“Now they’re so much cheaper than the black market, and they can be bought and sold for profit,” he said.
Next states? Growers eye a regional play
Karen O’Keefe, the director of state policies at the Marijuana Policy Project, a nonprofit organization dedicated to legalizing cannabis, predicted that as many as six new states could have medical marijuana laws by the end of the year.
The prospects have growers and entrepreneurs speculating and positioning themselves to move into the newest market as soon as legislators, or in some cases voter-driven ballot initiatives, legalize it.
In Texas, advocates for legalization are seeing positive signs. Texas allows the sale of medical marijuana with very low THC concentrations (the threshold is 1 percent, as opposed to states like Oklahoma, where marijuana is often sold at levels near 30 percent). Republican Gov. Greg Abbott doubled that from 0.5 percent in June when he signed a law that also added cancer and post-traumatic stress disorder to the list of qualifying conditions.
And there is growing popular support for broader legalization. A study last year by the Hobby School of Public Affairs at the University of Houston found that 67 percent of Texans support recreational marijuana, including 51 percent of Republicans.
At a news conference last month, Abbott said he and the Legislature were looking at decriminalization efforts.
“Small possession of marijuana is not the type of violation that we want to be stockpiling jails with,” he said. “So we have been making steps in that regard.”
To the north in Kansas, a medical marijuana bill had received wide support from both parties. The measure had been approved by the state House, but it was abruptly removed this month from its committee hearing in the Senate, where Senate President Ty Masterson, a Republican, said procedural issues would keep it from being heard again until next year.
Half of the states that continue to hold out on legalizing medical and recreational marijuana are in the South. Debate over a bill that would legalize medical marijuana is being led by conservatives in the North Carolina Senate, and two bills were introduced last month in Kentucky, one to decriminalize marijuana and another to allow its recreational use.
David Lewis, the chief operating officer of Stability Cannabis, one of the largest growers in Oklahoma, said most of the large corporate growers are still concentrated on the coasts, in part because of a provision of Oklahoma’s medical marijuana program requiring at least 60 percent in-state ownership.
“They’re treating us kind of like flyover country. So we think that’s creating an opportunity in Oklahoma, Missouri, Kansas, maybe Louisiana,” he said. “You could really set up kind of a regional play here where the national brands are skipping out.”
Lewis said a lot of growers in Oklahoma hope to become multistate operations in the event the federal government decriminalizes marijuana. He and his partners are already established in nearby Missouri, where voters approved medical marijuana in 2018, and they’re ready to make a play for Kansas, should the Legislature there decide to do the same.
Crystal Furr, right, co-owner of Twisted Roo dispensaries, and lead cultivator Kellan Gill discuss an upcoming routine audit on Jan. 25 in Moore, Oklahoma. Brett Deering for NBC
While they’re waiting for Kansas to pass new legislation, growers like Lewis and Blevins have started eyeing property there, looking for warehouse space and storefronts. Blevins said he hasn’t signed any new leases just yet, but he expects to some day soon.
“We know that it’s going to happen, just not the exact time,” he said. “So maybe it’s time to start playing the card, you know, put the deck of cards together in Kansas so that when they do pull the trigger we’re ready.”
Graham Lee Brewer reported from Lexington, Oklahoma. Alicia Victoria Lozano reported from Los Angeles.
Graham Lee Brewer is a national reporter for NBC News. He is a member of the Cherokee Nation, based in Norman, Oklahoma.
Alicia Victoria Lozano is a California-based reporter for NBC News focusing on climate change, wildfires and the changing politics of drug laws.
Marijuana Seeds in Oklahoma
Let’s talk about marijuana seeds in Oklahoma. We will look at where to get marijuana seeds in Oklahoma and more about general marijuana availability in Oklahoma.
Is weed legal in Oklahoma? What restrictions will I need to follow if I’d like to visit and I’m a pot smoker? Can I buy and grow my own cannabis seeds in Oklahoma?
Are you looking for the answers to these questions? Not to worry, we’ll clear up any doubts you might have about the legalities surrounding buying cheap weed seeds and sparking up your joints in this state.
Let’s get right to it!
Is it legal to buy and grow cannabis seeds in Oklahoma?
In 2018, Oklahoma became the 30th state to legalize marijuana for medicinal use. So if you’re wondering, “is recreational weed legal in Oklahoma?” unfortunately, the answer is no. Only medicinal use is permitted for now.
According to the Oklahoma medical marijuana laws, those who possess a medical marijuana license and their caregivers are allowed the following:
- Up to 8 ounces within a household
- 1 ounce of cannabis concentrate
- 3 ounces with them
- 6 seedlings at home
- 6 adult cannabis plants
- 72 ounces of edibles
Watch out, though, according to the Oklahoma marijuana laws of 2021, without the license, as little as 1.5 ounces will have you charged with a misdemeanor.
A common question many weed users ask is, “is it legal to smoke weed in Oklahoma?” You’ll need to remember that even though you’re allowed to have pot in your possession in public places with a medical marijuana license, you’re not allowed to light up. Smoking blunts is limited to household use only.
Once you’ve received a legal, medical marijuana license, you may be wondering where you can buy pot seeds . You’ll need to find a state-licensed dispensary to get hold of legal marijuana in Oklahoma and won’t be permitted to use just any marijuana seed bank .
So, “is weed legal in Oklahoma?” Yes, but only for medicinal use.
Should you grow weed indoors or outdoors in Oklahoma?
Oklahoma has an ideal climate for outdoor growing, and luckily, it’s completely legal to do so in the state with a license.
Oklahoma has beautiful, clear spring times ideal for outdoor weed cultivation. Provided you have your license available, you can grow weed legally in Oklahoma.
The best months to plant your crop is in March/April . You’ll want to prevent cannabis plants from being exposed to temperatures above 86°F or below 55°F to avoid stressing them out.
Depending on the variety of weed you choose, you can expect to harvest anywhere between June and July. Different marijuana strains have varying growth curves and flowering times, so be sure to research what your strains’ preferences are before germinating.
If you’ve decided to cultivate legal weed in Oklahoma outdoors, be vigilant for pests and molds . The humid Oklahoma climate leaves marijuana plants more vulnerable to these pesky invaders.
Ensure that the spot you choose gets at least 7 hours of sunlight per day . This will encourage your beauties to produce a bountiful harvest and grow to their full potential.
When choosing a grow spot, be sure to opt for one away from public view, even if this means buying a shade cloth to hide your dank. The medical marijuana laws in Oklahoma are strict regarding this matter.
The best strains to grow outdoors in Oklahoma
Some strains do better than others in an outside setup . Just be sure to purchase your pot seeds under the marijuana laws in Oklahoma. For lucrative growth and prosperous fruitage, the following strains are recommended:
, for female guaranteed weed plants with a fantastic psychoactive effect.
- Sour Diesel Fem is an all-time favorite. She’ll never let you down when you need a pick-me-up.
Indoor growing marijuana seeds in Oklahoma
Indoor grow setups may be pricey to start with, but they offer many advantages. Aside from keeping your wisdom tea out of public view and being certain, you follow the rules of growing legal weed in Oklahoma, you’ll be able to reap numerous rewards from your inside marijuana plants.
Let’s take a look at some of the key benefits of sprouting Oklahoma cannabis seeds inside.
- You can adapt your environment to suit the strain’s needs. Each dank variant has its own distinct requirements. You’ll be in control of ensuring they’re all met without external influence.
- Year-round production. A controlled climate means your ladies will be able to grow buds for you all year,without temperatures and light interrupting flowering.
- Privacy. Without nosey neighbors reporting you or naughty teens stealing your crops, you’ll be able to reap what you sow.
The best strains to grow indoors in Oklahoma
As with garden growing, you’ll find specific types of weed that flourish more than others in controlled setups.
If you’ve chosen an enclosed germination environment, these strains are likely to do best provided this weed is legal in Oklahoma, of course.
is a calm, relaxing 420 partner with sweet-pine notes hidden in its spicy aromas. . Get ready to have your socks blown right off with this girl. The true definition of a giggle smoke, you’ll be in stitches in no time. is a blueberry-scented angel that’ll take you right up to cloud 9.
Indoor growing requires a much more hands-on approach than outdoors but can be truly rewarding if you’re willing to put in the effort.
Where to buy marijuana seeds for sale in Oklahoma
When it comes to following the Oklahoma marijuana seeds laws, you might want to be careful when trying to find cannabis seeds for sale online. A safer option is to look up a registered state dispensary near you and keep yourself out of jail and fine-free.
If you’re wondering where to buy medical marijuana seeds in Oklahoma, then you should be able to find a fair amount of predominantly CBD (no or low THC) regular, feminized and autoflower seeds in Oklahoma.
The final say
When will marijuana be legal in Oklahoma ? Even though for the moment, the only legal marijuana in Oklahoma is for medicinal use, we have high hopes this will change soon.
The public has signed petitions to legalize the recreational use of weed in Oklahoma, and its residents are confident that this will soon come to life.
If you need tips on growing your favorite strains or want to explore the best nutrients for your plants, visit our i49 page now!